Here’s a tricky question to answer – is CBD oil halal or haram?
The CBD market has grown significantly in recent years and is estimated to reach a value of close to £1 billion in the UK by 2025, according to a Centre for Medicinal Cannabis report.
For Muslims seeking reassurance that what they eat and drink is all halal, it’s second nature to check any consumable product for this confirmation before making a purchase.
Of course, this peace of mind is also important when choosing a CBD product.
So, is CBD halal? What about specific products? For example, the most popular one in the UK according to YouGov – is CBD oil halal?
In this guide, we’ll answer these questions and more, validated by common interpretations of the relevant citations from the Qur’an.
Defining halal and haram
To answer the question ‘is CBD oil halal or haram?’ we need to be completely clear about how to define these two Arabic terms first.
In contrast, haram is the opposite – this describes anything which is not permitted, or is unlawful in Islam.
Specific types of haram food and drink are mentioned in the Qur’an, including all alcoholic and drug intoxicants.
This is because of the potential physical and mental effects these substances can have.
In the Qur’an, they are described as ‘khamr’ substances, which cover or ‘curtain’ the mind negatively.
Is all CBD legal?
In UK law, CBD is not a controlled substance – unless it contains more than 1 mg of THC per pack.
THC is a controlled substance in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
As we have previously written about, CBD bud or flower products are illegal due to their higher THC content.
CBD, including in oil format, is produced from the leaves and stalk of Cannabis sativa and these plant parts have no psychoactive effects.
Therefore CBD and CBD oil are legal in UK law.
However, although it may be legal in the UK, is CBD oil halal?
Is CBD oil halal?
Since it does not get you high, CBD oil with no THC, or any other intoxicants, is halal.
Most Muslim scholars would confirm this since the plant extracts used to make CBD oil do not contain intoxicants.
As long as the product contains less than 1 mg of THC per pack, it’s legal in the UK because it’s deemed not enough to have any effect.
Similarly it would technically be permitted in Islamic law to consume a product with therapeutic properties, if it does not intoxicate and is being used as medicine when another effective medicine made of pure ingredients that produces the same results cannot be found.
However there are some exceptions to this overall rule for CBD, including oil. So, is CBD oil halal? Yes, with some caveats we’ll explain next.
Is all CBD halal?
Some types of CBD are either created using haram techniques, or they contain some haram ingredients.
Therefore these CBD products are not halal.
Haram CBD products would include anything involving:
- Alcohol: Any CBD which is extracted with alcohol is haram, due to the use of intoxicants. However, if the alcohol involved in the CBD product will not cause intoxication and the purpose of the CBD product is to heal whilst no suitable alternative made from pure ingredients can be found, then this would be allowed. Products called tinctures may use this alcohol-based method of extraction, so read the label carefully and avoid these specific products – other CBD oils are created using CO2 instead which is halal.
- Non-halal animal products: Some CBD capsules can include gelatine, for example. Gelatine and flavourings which are made from non-halal animal’s body parts are strictly haram. However gelatine made from the skin, sinews and bones of animals that are permissible to eat and have been slaughtered to halal standards are acceptable.
- Vape juices: Vaping can be seen as an imitation of smoking, which is haram due to the involvement of nicotine. Therefore any vape oil containing nicotine is certainly haram, but even vape oils which are nicotine-free are still considered to be haram as it imitates smoking.
Similar to how the recreational drug cannabis is classed as a controlled substance in the UK, it is also haram.
However, there is some debate about whether medicinal cannabis is haram. It has been legalised in the UK and some other countries to treat specific conditions.
Is your CBD oil halal? How to tell
To make sure the CBD products you buy are halal:
- Buy only from providers with a good reputation
Unfortunately, there are a lot of poor quality goods on the market, so trust is vital – some brands are, knowingly or unknowingly, mislabelling their CBD products.
This could mean that their CBD is not halal. Read customer reviews, as well as information on the provider’s website about their production processes, to see if they use alcohol.
- Look for third-party lab certificates on the provider’s website
CBD products, to be halal, should have no THC – this can be verified by an ISO accredited lab result.
- Verify that the products are vegan-certified
This will prove that the provider’s CBD is free from any haram animal products.
- Read the ingredients list
Check the ingredients in detail in case the product contains nicotine or any flavourings which include alcohol and thus may be intoxicating, as these are both haram.
Conclusion: is CBD oil halal or haram?
CBD containing no THC is halal, as long as it has not been extracted using alcohol.
Also, as long as you make sure your CBD is not a vape product, made using haram animal products or containing any nicotine or other intoxicants, then it’s halal.
For peace of mind, only purchase from trustworthy providers and check the third-party lab results, vegan certification and ingredients list. For detailed information about CBD products, please check out our blog or contact us.