You may be familiar with CBD oil, but in this article we’ll discuss:
Recently, we summarised a study on whether CBD could prevent COVID-19 infections. Since then, new research has explored the possibility of CBDA – as well as CBGA – being used to potentially prevent coronavirus infections.
So, what is CBGA? And what is CBG oil – is there a connection?
When it comes to cannabinoids, there are a lot of acronyms and we know it can get confusing!
Read on for a comprehensive guide which also explains how to take CBG oil and the potential benefits.
What is CBG oil?
CBG’s full name is cannabigerol. CBG oil is produced from the Cannabis sativa plant but is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not provide a ‘high’ when consumed.
As a result, it is legal to buy and sell in the UK, as long as CBG oil products do not contain more than 1 mg per pack of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
THC is a controlled substance in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
CBG oil is extracted from industrial hemp, which in the UK must have less than 0.2% THC to be cultivated legally, by a grower with a specific licence issued from the Home Office.
What is CBG oil exactly? It’s a legal, non-intoxicating substance produced from cannabis plants, with a wide range of potential health and wellness benefits.
Consequently, CBG oil has much in common with the more well-known CBD oil – the most used type of CBD product in the UK according to the market research analysts YouGov.
CBD oil is popular for its potential therapeutic properties and often used to help manage anxiety, stress, insomnia and pain.
What are the potential benefits of CBG oil?
CBG interacts with the endocannabinoid system in a different way when compared to CBD. Since CBG binds directly to the CB1 and CB2 receptors, it could be more efficient at delivering its potential benefits, but we don’t know yet.
So far, scientific research has tended to focus on the benefits of CBD, rather than CBG.
With proven insights into the advantages of CBG still limited, here’s a quick look at some of the early indications so far, in chronological order.
Based on initial research, CBG could potentially be used to help treat:
- Glaucoma by decreasing intraocular pressure (2008 study)
- Bacterial infections due to its antibacterial properties (2008 study)
- Inflammatory bowel disease by reducing inflammation (2013 study)
- Huntington’s disease due to possible neuroprotective properties (2015 study)
- Bladder dysfunctions by affecting contractions (2015 study)
- Appetite loss by encouraging meal frequency increases (2016 study)
However, more research would be required to substantiate any of these initial findings.
Where does CBG come from?
CBG comes from CBGA (cannabigerolic acid). It’s one of at least 113 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants.
CBGA is essentially the parent compound of CBG and, in fact, several other cannabinoids are also created when CBGA is broken down.
- CBDA, which CBD is created from
- THCA, which THC comes from
- CBCA, which another cannabinoid CBC comes from
We wrote recently about CBDA and its potential benefits.
Of these four cannabinoids, CBG is the one which is much harder (and therefore more expensive) to produce from CBGA. It’s easier to find in younger plants rather than fully developed ones.
How to take CBG oil
There are several ways to use CBG oil – essentially, they’re the same methods used to take CBD oil:
- Sublingually by putting CBG oil under the tongue
- By swallowing a capsule, food or drink containing CBG oil
- By vaping CBG oil, absorbing it directly into the lungs
- Topically by rubbing CBG oil on the skin
CBG oil is taken sublingually for its efficiency – it’s one of the fastest ways to absorb it into the bloodstream.
Using CBG oil topically means that it does not enter the bloodstream.
How to find a high quality CBG oil product
If you’re looking to buy CBG oil, ensure you only ever buy from providers with a good reputation – one that’s likely already been well established from selling CBD oil.
Anything from a supplier which has not been transparent about their CBG oil product ingredients could be mislabelled – either poor quality, unsafe to consume, or both.
Look for the provider’s certification which should be from an ISO accredited lab using a detection limit of 0.01% to check that essentially no THC features in their products.
When buying CBG oil from a new supplier, it’s vital to do some research and read through their customer reviews for peace of mind and quality assurance.
One way to guarantee the complete absence of THC, without any trace amounts, is to use CBG isolate.
CBG isolate is the purest form possible of naturally occurring CBG and trustworthy providers should give a guarantee of at least 98% purity.
To achieve this, they will use complicated extraction and refinement processes to take out other active compounds, so that only the crystal isolate remains.
This can then be ground down further into a powder. We’ve written in detail about CBD isolate, which is manufactured in a similar way.
Summary: what is CBG oil?
CBG oil is a legal, non-psychoactive product type created from raw CBGA – more often than not from younger cannabis plants.
While research is ongoing, initial results suggest that CBG oil could possibly have a wide range of health and wellness benefits, ones which are different to those that could potentially be obtained from using CBD oil.
However, in terms of how to take CBG oil, if you’re used to taking CBD oil already then you’ll be pleased to know that the same options are all possible.For more information about CBD products or CBG oil, please contact us or check out our other CBD-related blogs.